Tirupati

Availability Period : Mar, Apr, 15 July, Aug, Sep, Oct, Nov, 15 Dec.

Sri KrishnadevarayaAll the great dynasties of rulers of the southern peninsula have paid homage to Lord Sri Venkateswara in this ancient shrine. The Pallavas of Kancheepuram (9th century AD), the Cholas of Thanjavur (a century later), the Pandyas of Madurai, and the kings and chieftains of Vijayanagara (14th - 15th century AD) were devotees of the Lord and they competed with one another in endowing the temple with rich offerings and contributions.

Tirupati is a city in Chittoor district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is a municipal corporation and the headquarters of Tirupati (urban) mandal, and of the Tirupati revenue division.As of 2011 census, it had a population of 374,260, making it the ninth most populous city in Andhra Pradesh.It is the seventh most urban agglomerated city in the state, with a population of 459,985.Tirupati is considered one of the holiest Hindu pilgrimage sites because of Tirumala Venkateswara Temple, besides other historical temples, and is referred to as the "Spiritual Capital of Andhra Pradesh".Tirupati is also home to many educational institutions and universities. For the year 2012–13, India's Ministry of Tourism named Tirupati as the "Best Heritage City". Tirupati has been selected as one of the hundred Indian cities to be developed as a smart city under Smart Cities Mission by Government of India.

There was no human settlement at Lower Tirupati until the year 1500. With the growing importance of Upper Tirupati, a village formed at the present day Kapilatheertham Road area and was named "kotturu" . It was later shifted to the vicinity of Govindarajaswamy Temple which was consecrated around the year 1130 CE. Later the village grew into its present-day form around Govindaraja Swamy Temple which is now the heart of the city. It has now gained a lot of popularity as a tourism place.

Climate


Monsoon remains moderate and summer experiences temperatures ranging from 35 to 40 degrees Celsius. In winter the minimum temperatures will be between 18 and 20 degrees Celsius. Usually summer lasts from March to June, with the advent of rainy season in July, followed by winter which lasts till the end of February.The city experiences maximum rainfall in November during northeast monsoon season.

History


Tirumala (Upper Tirupati) The town was an established centre of Vaishnavism around the 5th century A.D. during which it was praised by Alvars. The temple rites were formalised by the Vaishnavite saint Ramanujacharya in the 11th century AD.Tirupati survived the Muslim and British invasions. During the early 1300s Muslim invasion of South India, the deity of Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple, Srirangam was brought to Tirupati for safekeeping. The temple town for most of the medieval era part of Vijayanagara Empire till 17th century and its rulers contributed considerable resources and wealth notable by Krishna Deva Raya and Achyuta Deva Raya, Sadasiva Raya and Tirumala Deva Raya.

The temple was built and upgraded in parts by various kingdoms. The inscriptions in the temple were found in Sanskrit, Telugu, Tamil and Kannada languages which specify the contributions of the Pallava Kingdom around the 9th century AD, Chola Kingdom around the 10th century AD and the Vijayanagara Empire in the 14th century AD. During the 15th century, Sri Tallapaka Annamacharya sung many songs in praise of the holy town in Telugu. He compared it to be divine, including the rocks, streams, trees, animals, and adds that it is heaven on the earth. One example of such a song is:

After the decline of the Vijayanagara dynasty, nobles and chieftains from all parts of the country continued to pay their homage and offer gifts to the temple. The Maratha general, Raghoji Bhonsle, visited the temple and set up a permanent endowment for the conduct of worship in the temple. He also presented valuable jewels to the Lord, including a large emerald which is still preserved in a box named after the General. Among the later rulers who have endowed large amounts are the rulers of Mysore and Gadwal. After the fall of the Hindu kingdoms, the Muslim rulers of Karnataka and then the Britishers took over, and many of the temples came under their supervisory and protective control. In 1843 AD, the East India Company divested itself of the direct management of non-Christian places of worship and native religious institutions. The administration of the shrine of Sri Venkateswara and a number of estates were then entrusted to Sri Seva Dossji of the Hatiramji Mutt at Tirumala, and the temple remained under the administration of the Mahants for about 90 years, till 1933 AD.

Education


There are several universities and colleges including state government and Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanam sponsored such as, Sri Venkateswara University, established in 1954; Sri Padmavati Mahila Visvavidyalayam, a dedicated women's university; Medical colleges include Sri Venkateswara Medical College and Sri Padmavathi Medical College for Women.Sri Venkateswara Institute of Medical Sciences(SVIMS) is also a medical institute, Sri Venkateswara Vedic University to preserve, foster and promote oral traditions of Vedic, Agamic and Cognate Literature, with focus on right intonations.Rashtriya Sanskrit Vidyapeetha, a University established for higher learning in Sanskrit studies, Traditional Sastras and Pedagogy.Sri Venkateswara Veterinary University to strengthen education and services in the fields of Veterinary Science, Dairy Technology and Fishery Science in the State of Andhra Pradesh.Sri Venkateswara Institute of Traditional Sculpture and Architecture (SVITSA) run by TTD is one of the two institutions in India offering courses in traditional sculpture and architecture to students. Seven different Diploma Courses are offered in subjects such as Temple Architecture, Stone Sculpture, Sudai Sculpture, Metal Sculpture, Wood Sculpture, Traditional Painting and Traditional Kalamkari Art.Indian Institute of Technology Tirupati


state Andhra Pradesh,India
Country India
Area 27.44 km2 (10.59 sq mi)
Languages Telugu,Kannada,Hindi,English
Currency Ruppee

Sri Venkateswara

Venkateswara Temple is a landmark Vaishnavite temple situated in the hill town of Tirumala at Tirupati in Chittoor district of Andhra Pradesh, India.

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Pushkarini Lake

Set within the boundaries of the Thirumala Temple, Pushkarini Lake is a well-known sacred lake. According to the history, Lord Vishnu took a long bath with his wife Lakshmi Devi. This lake is well known for its natural beauty.

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Teertham

Akasaganga is a holy place where people from all over the world come to see the scenic beauty and the amazing architecture of the natural waterfall.

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Silathoranam

Natural Arch, Tirumala hills is a distinctive geological feature 1 km (0.6 mi) north of the Tirumala hills temple, near the Chakra Teertham in the state of Andhra Pradesh, India.

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TTD gardens

The TTD Gardens are maintained by Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanam and are home to a variety of flowers including hibiscus, bougainvilleas and crotons, among others.

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Narasimha Swamy

Vedadri is a village in Krishna district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is located on National Highway 9 in Jaggayyapeta mandal of Vijayawada revenue division.

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Padmavathi

Alamelu mangapuram(tiruchanoor) is the Home of Goddess Sri Padmavati Devi, situated five kms. from Tirupati Town, This Temple is devoted to Sri Padmavati Devi, the consort of Lord Venkateswara, This ancient temple dedicated to Goddess Padmavati draws a large number of serious pilgrims every day. The Goddess, also known as Alamelu Manga in Telugu.

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Sri Varahaswami

Sri Varahaswami Temple in Tirumala is to the north of the Sri Venkateswara Temple, on the banks of Swami Pushkarini.According to legend, Tirumala was originally Adi Varaha Kshetra, and it was with his permission that Lord Sri Venkateswara took up residence here.

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Venugopal

Sri Venugopalaswami Temple in Tirupati is a temple dedicated to Sri Venugopalaswami and his consorts. The temple thus houses beautiful idols of the three deities - Sri Venugopalaswami, Sri Rukmini and Sri Satyabhama Ammavaru.

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Temple Food

The traditional eating in the temple involves being seated on the floor, having the food served on a banana leaf which involves daddojanam (curd rice)

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The traditional eating in the temple involves being seated on the floor, having the food served on a banana leaf which involves daddojanam (curd rice), pulihora (tamarind rice), vada and chakkara-pongal (sweet pongal), miryala-pongali, Appam, Payasam, Jaggery, Murukku, Dosa and seera (kesari). It is considered very auspicious to eat at the temple. One of the most popular local food available in Tirupati is the 'sweet rice'.

Laddu Sweets

Once you've visited the Venkateswara Temple it is impossible to leave without the famous Laddu.

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Once you've visited the Venkateswara Temple it is impossible to leave without the famous Laddu. Overtime the huge Laddus have become synonymous with Tirupati. It is a spherical-shaped sweet made of Besan flour, Sugar, Cashew nuts, Cardamom, Ghee, Oil, Sugar candy, Raisins and Almonds which are made in two sizes including big and small ones. Around 150,000 laddus are made daily of which small laddus are given free to each devotee, whereas the bigger ones are given to the devotees who perform sevas in Tirumala. A devotee can buy extra two laddus ( INR 25 for small Laddu and INR 100 for the big one) and the the revenue from their sale annually is more than 11 million rupees. Other than the Laddu, Tirupati is famous for other sweets as well including Sheermal which is a sweet bread, more like a Danish pastry, Semia Payasam, Halwa, Kaja and sweet rice.

Andhra Thali

For a real culinary tour of Andhra Pradesh, go for the spicy thali which has a mound of a rice in the middle, sambar (a spicy, broth soup), a curry dish, pickles.

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For a real culinary tour of Andhra Pradesh, go for the spicy thali which has a mound of a rice in the middle, sambar (a spicy, broth soup), a curry dish, pickles, poriyal (a cauliflower stew with dried chillies and mustard seeds) and kurma, a creamy coconut milk and vegetable stew. A crispy papadum and a dosa are served on the side. You could also try the spicy rava kichadi which might be served as starter but is more of a main dish.

Rice Dishes

For rice lovers, Tirupati is just the place to be as it has various yummy preparations of rice.

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The homey bisibele bhath is a hearty rice and lentil stew loaded with carrots and green beans that packs a treat. The black mustard seed and cardamom laced vegetable biryani is good, too. Other delicious variants include Curd rice, Lemon rice, Tomato rice and Tamarind rice. Another famous dish Pongal Vada, a rice stew is flecked with black peppercorns, black mustard seeds, curry leaves and cashews, makes for an intriguing filling dish.

Beverages

Now that you have learnt about some local Tirupati dishes, its time to move on to the drinks and beverages.

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As far as those are concerned, Tirupati has many lip smacking ones including Mango Lassi, Badam Milk and Masala paal which are rich and creamy and help cool your mouth after eating spicy food. Teem then up with local food for a tasty and hearty meal. There are many restaurants and stalls offering both authentic South Indian fare and Multi cuisine dishes. Some of the fine restaurants in Tirupati include Manasa Restaurant, Palace Café, Pongali Restaurant, Andhra Spice, Sindhu Fast Food Center and Deepam Food Plaza.