Munnar

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Munnar is a town in the Western Ghats mountain range in India’s Kerala state. A hill station and former resort for the British Raj elite, it's surrounded by rolling hills dotted with tea plantations established in the late 19th century. Eravikulam National Park, a habitat for the endangered mountain goat Nilgiri tahr, is home to the Lakkam Waterfalls, hiking trails and 2,695m-tall Anamudi Peak.

Munnar is a town and hill station located in the Idukki district of the southwestern Indian state of Kerala. Munnar is situated at around 1,600 metres (5,200 ft) above mean sea level, in the Western Ghats range of mountains.

History


The early history of Munnar is not perfectly known today. The early inhabitants of the region are members of the Muthuvan tribal community. However, it remained a wild and unexplored landscape till the later half of 19th century when ambitious planters from as far as Europe started plantations here. It is believed that sage Vashistha retired to the southern spur at Mount Abu following his differences with sage Vishvamitra. There is another mythology according to which a serpent named "Arbuda" saved the life of Nandi (Lord Shiva's bull). The incident happened on the mountain that is currently known as Mount Abu and so the mountain is named "Arbudaranya" after that incident which gradually became Abu.Munnar came to be known to the outside world in the 1870s with the visit of the British Resident of the then Travancore kingdom John Daniel Munro. Munro, who visited the place as part of settling the border dispute between Travancore and the nearby state of Madras literally fell for the beauty of the region. Though the Munnar region fell under the jurisdiction of the Travancore kingdom, it was the jenmam land of Poonjar royal family. Since it was a ‘jenmam land’ the royal family enjoyed absolute powers over the land as the landlord.

Munro had a great interest in plantation. Of the several hills in the region, he found the Kanan Devan hills with high potential for plantation crops. Without wasting any time Munro visited the Poonjar Palace and met the then head of the royal family, Rohini Thirunal Kerala Varma Valiya Raja, fondly called as Kela Varma Raja. The entrepreneur in Munro won the confidence of Kela Varma Raja and he agreed to lease out Kanan Devan hills to Munro for a handsome payment.In 1924, the plantations of Munnar suffered a major setback in the form a disastrous monsoon. Heavy landslides and flooding literally redrew the landscape in several places. There was a heavy loss of property and life. Though it was hard for them, the inhabitants managed to bring back life to a normal in a few months. Large-scale replanting was carried out in several estates.


state Kerala,India
Country India
Area 187 km2 (72 sq mi)
Languages Malayalam, Tamil, Hindi and English
Currency Ruppee

Mattupetty Dam

Mattuppetty Dairy Farm is also famous for the Indo-Swiss Farm.

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Mattupetty Dairy Farm

Mattuppetty Dairy Farm is also famous for the Indo-Swiss Farm

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Kundala Lake

Kundala is a picturesque place, about 20 km from Munnar on the way to Top Station. It is at a height of 1700 meters above sea level. It is located at a distance of 20 kilometKundala dam, munnarers from Munnar. In Kundala, cherry blossoms appear twice in a year. The famous Neela Kurunji flowers which bloom once in twelve years, bloom in the hills and valleys around Kundala lake.

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Top Station

Top Station is tourist destination in the Kannan Devan hills of Munnar. It is a part between the border of Idukki-Theni Districts in the state of Kerala and Tamil Nadu .

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Echo Point

Located at a distance of about 15 kilometers from Munnar, the scenic beauty of Echo Point is quite captivating. As the name suggests, this place is well known for its enthralling illustration of the phenomenon of echoing.

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Rajamalai (Part of Eravikulam National Park)

Eravikulam National Park is a 97 km2 national park located along the Western Ghats in the Idukki district of Kerala in India. Situated between 10º05'N and 10º20' north, and 77º0' and 77º10' east, (See:map.) it is the first national park in Kerala.

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Tea Museum

The Munnar Tea Museum is an industry and history museum situated in Munnar, a town in the Idukki district of Kerala in South India.

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Marayoor Sandalwood Forests Sandalwood forest Marayur

Marayur or Marayoor is a town in Idukki district of Kerala, India. It is located 42 kilometers north of Munnar on SH 17 connecting Munnar with Udumalpet, Tamil Nadu.

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Meesapulimala

Meesapulimala is the second highest peak in the Western Ghats of Idukki district on the Indian subcontinent after Anamudi. Its peak is 2,640 metres above sea level.

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Blossom Park

Blossom Park is famous for its activities such as water cycling, boating and skating. It is covered with a wide variety of flora and has romantic little provisions of tree houses and ropeways. It is located at a mere distance of 3 km from Munnar..

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Rose Garden

Rose Garden is a popular destination located in Mattuppetty which is about 13 km away from Munnar town at an altitude of 1700 m above sea level.Rose Garden is one of the chief attractions of Mattuppetty for its beautiful garden where different varieties and colours of roses can be found.

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Elephant Arrival Spot

Elephant Arrival Spot in Munnar. Elephant arrival spot is en-route to Top-station, just a 100sq m glade in the banks of the Mattupetty reservoir. This place is spectacular with a single tree standing in the centre, surrounded by lush green grass which has a lime tint to it veiled in the white curtain of mists.

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Kolukkumalai Tea Estate

Situated at a height of 7900 ft above sea level, Kolukkumalai Tea Estate is known to be the highest tea plantations in the world. The estate, located on Kolukkumalai Hills, is around 31 km from Munnar and takes almost 52 minutes to reach by Jeep. The place is popular for growing special flavoursome teas. It has an old tea factory, built in the mid 20th century, which still uses traditional technique of tea production. Visitors can sip different flavours of tea and buy fresh tea from the factory outlet.

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Marayoor

Marayur or Marayoor is a town in Idukki district of Kerala, India. It is located 42 kilometers north of Munnar on SH 17 connecting Munnar with Udumalpet, Tamil Nadu. Marayur is the only place in Kerala that has natural sandalwood forests.

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Floriculture Centre

Munnar Floriculture Centre, popularly known as Munnar Rose Garden, is a beautiful garden with hundreds of rare varieties of flowers and herbal plants. With large tea plantations in the background, this is place is definitely worth a visit for everyone who enjoy flowers.

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Kappa

Tapioca, known locally as Kappa, is a staple diet for Malayalees. It is as tasty as it is healthy, and a lot of foreign tourists prefer to indulge in kappa, especially during their house boat trips.

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Though numerous kappa preparations are available, you will enjoy the mashed kappa the most. Mashed kappa paired with Kerala fish curry is a mouthwatering dish that you must try.

Kallummakaya

Now, let’s have a taste of a delicious non vegetarian food, courtesy of the Malabar regions of Kerala.

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Though kallummakaya or mussels is not very common in other parts of Kerala, almost all Keralites have enjoyed this auspicious dish.Roasted kallummakaya with rice filling is the tastiest preparation of them all. It is a traditional Thalassery dish, which is unavoidable at parties and special functions. Kallummakaya is also used to make other tasty dishes like kallummakaya fry, kallummakaya curry and kallummakaya biriyani.

Sadya

If you are searching for a heavy lunch, the sadya is the that aptly suits your appetite. It is an elaborate dish with rice and a lot of curries, accompanied by sweet payasam. .

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In a normal sadya you will get 5 to 8 curries, but you will be served much more in the larger functions.Sadya is traditionally served on a banana leaf. The position of the leaf and the placement of the curries have to follow a specific order. The way the banana leaf is folded after lunch is also significant for this traditional food. The sadya is a complete vegetarian dish which is usually served during festivals and special functions.

Avial

Among the numerous curries in sadya, one outstanding curry is avial. It is indeed a rich preparation with lots of vegetables and coconut.

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The vegetables are sliced into thin pieces and cooked to a crunchy consistency with lightly beaten curd, garlic, coconut grinding and coconut oil. The malty colored vegetables adds a visual beauty to the curry. The addition of vegetables also makes it a healthy dish.

Kerala Biriyani

Biriyani is an all time favorite food in India. But the biriyani preparation differs from place to place, and hence the name also changes according to the place and the ingredient.

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I The selection of the rice and the proportion of ingredients are both very important in biriyani preparation. The most attractive quality of a biriyani is its aroma. Malabar biriyani is the tastiest variety of Kerala biriyani, and the choice of khaima rice makes it quite unique. Biriyani is a common food in Kerala, especially for functions and special days. Biriyani is usually a mixture of rice, spices, meat or vegetables.

Kerala Fish Curry

The red colored fish curry with kudampuli or fish tamarind is a compulsory dish for almost all Keralites. Fish tamarind is the souring agent and it also adds to the taste of the fish curry.

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Fenugreek, green chilly, red chilly powder, turmeric and curry leaves are the other taste makers.Kerala fish curry is a very healthy dish and it is also an apt food for the Kerala climate.