Mathura Vrindavan

Availability Period : Mar, Apr, 15 Jul, Aug, Sep, Oct, Nov, 15 Dec.

"Mathura is the abode of Lord Krishna and it has a great religious sanctity among the Hindus. It also has one of the oldest historical records. Even Mathura is mentioned in the epic Ramayan. It is on record that Mathura was one of the capitals of Kushan King Kanishka(130AD)."

Mathura is a sacred city in Uttar Pradesh, northern India. The deity Lord Krishna is said to have been born on the site of Sri Krishna Janma Bhoomi, a Hindu temple. Dotting the Yamuna River are 25 ghats (flights of steps down to the water), of which Vishram Ghat is considered the holiest. Sati Burj is a 16th-century memorial tower. Dwarkadhish Temple has a carved entrance and a black-marble idol of Lord Krishna.

Mathura is a city in the North Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is located approximately 50 kilometres (31 mi) north of Agra, and 145 kilometres (90 mi) south-east of Delhi; about 11 kilometres (6.8 mi) from the town of Vrindavan, and 22 kilometres (14 mi) from Govardhan. It is the administrative centre of Mathura District of Uttar Pradesh. During the ancient period, Mathura was an economic hub, located at the junction of important caravan routes. The 2011 census of India estimated the population of Mathura to be 441,894.

Mathura is believed to be the birthplace of Krishna which is located at the centre of Braj or Brij-bhoomi, called Shri Krishna Janma-Bhoomi, literally: 'Lord Krishna's birthplace' (Shri Krishna Janmabhoomi).It is one of the seven cities (Sapta Puri) considered holy by Hindus. The Keshav Dev Temple was built in ancient times on the site of Krishna's birthplace (an underground prison). Mathura was the capital of the Surasena Kingdom, ruled by Kansa the maternal uncle of Krishna. Mathura has been chosen as one of the heritage cities for HRIDAY - Heritage City Development and Augmentation Yojana scheme of Government of India.

Culture


Mathura has contributed a lot towards Indian Culture through its rich heritage. The ethos of Mathura, and in fact the whole of Braj mandal is centered on Krishna and his tales. Mathura sees heightened activities during the major festivities dedicated to Krishna. The Braj culture has been expressed widely through various practices. Sanjhee is the colourful art of decorating the ground with flowers. Rasiya is a tradition that is integral to Mathura's culture. It is the tradition of folk-songs that describe the love of the divine couple Radha and Krshnaji. It is an inseparable part of the Holi celebrations and all other festive occasions at Mathura. (Dhulendi – Holi with drums (dholak), colours, etc. originated from Braj region hundreds of millennia before today.) Raaslilas of Mathura have become an integral part of Indian Folklore. Krshnaji had danced the Raas with gopis on banks of Yamuna river. Charkula is a traditional folk dance of the Braj. In this dance, a woman balances a column of deepikas on her head and dances to the accompaniment of Rasiya songs by the menfolk.

History


Mathura has an ancient history and also homeland and birthplace of Krishna who was born in Yadu dynasty. According to the Archaeological Survey of India plaque at the Mathura Museum, the city is mentioned in the oldest Indian epic, the Ramayana. In the epic, the Ikshwaku prince Shatrughna slays a demon called Lavanasura and claims the land. Afterwards, the place came to be known as Madhuvan as it was thickly wooded, then Madhupura and later Mathura.

In the 6th century BCE Mathura became the capital of the Surasena Kingdom.The city was later ruled by the Maurya empire. Megasthenes, writing in the early 3rd century BCE, mentions Mathura as a great city under the name (Methora).It seems it never was under the direct control of the following Shunga dynasty as not a single archaeological remain of a Shunga presence were ever found in Mathura.Mathura may have come under the control, direct or indirect, of the Indo-Greeks some time between 180 BCE and 100 BCE, and remained so as late as 70 BCE according to the Yavanarajya inscription,which was found in Maghera, a town 17 kilometres (11 mi) from Mathura.The opening of the 3 line text of this inscription in Brahmi script translates as: "In the 116th year of the Yavana kingdom."or '"In the 116th year of Yavana hegemony" ("Yavanarajya") However, this also corresponds to the presence of the native Mitra dynasty of local rulers in Mathura, in approximately the same time frame, possibly pointing to a vassalage relationship with the Indo-Greeks.

After a period of local rule, Mathura was conquered by the Indo-Scythians during the 1st century BCE. The Indo-Scythian satraps of Mathura are sometimes called the "Northern Satraps", as opposed to the "Western Satraps" ruling in Gujarat and Malwa. After Rajuvula, several successors are known to have ruled as vassals to the Kushans, such as the "Great Satrap" Kharapallana and the "Satrap" Vanaspara, who are known from an inscription discovered in Sarnath, and dated to the 3rd year of Kanishka, in which they were paying allegiance to the Kushans.Mathuran art and culture reached its zenith under the Kushan dynasty which had Mathura as one of their capitals, the other being Purushapura (modern-day Peshawar, Pakistan).

Faxian mentions the city as a centre of Buddhism about 400 CE while his successor Xuanzang, who visited the city in 634 CE, mentions it as Mot'ulo, recording that it contained twenty Buddhist monasteries and five Brahmanical temples.Later, he went east to Thanesar, Jalandhar in the eastern Punjab, before climbing up to visit predominantly Theravada monasteries in the Kulu valley and turning southward again to Bairat and then Mathura, on the Yamuna river.

The city was sacked and many of its temples destroyed by Mahmud of Ghazni in 1018 CE and again by Sikandar Lodhi, who ruled the Sultanate of Delhi from 1489 to 1517 CE.Sikander Lodhi earned the epithet of 'Butt Shikan', the 'Destroyer of Hindu deities'. The Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb, built the Shahi-Eidgah Mosque during his rule, which is adjacent to Shri Krishna Janmabhoomi believed to be over a Hindu temple. In 2016, 24 people including 2 police officers were killed in the Jawahar Bagh clash, when the police tried to evict a large number of squatters from the public park.


state Uttar Pradesh,India
Country India
Area 3,709 km2 (1,432 sq mi)
Languages Braj,Hindi,English
Currency Ruppee

Banke Bihari Temple

Shri Bankey Bihari Mandir is a Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Krishna, in the holy city of Vrindavan in the Mathura district of Uttar Pradesh.

Read more

Janmbhoomi

Shri Krishna Janmbhoomi is a religious temple in Mathura, Uttar Pradesh. The temple is built around the prison cell where the ancient Hindu god Lord Krishna is said to have been born.

Read more

Mathura Museum

Government Museum, Mathura commonly referred as Mathura museum is an archaeological museum in Mathura city of Uttar Pradesh state in India. The museum was founded by then collector of the Mathura district, Sir F. S. Growse in 1874.

Read more

Gita Mandir

The Gita Mandir features inscriptions of the holy book in and around the surroundings of the temple. A magnificent idol of Lord Krishna is housed in this temple along with Lakshmi Narayana, Ram and Sita.

Read more

Vishram Ghat

Vishram Ghat is a ghat, a bath and worship place, on the banks of river Yamuna in Mathura, India. It is the main ghat of Mathura and is central to 25 other ghats. The traditional parikrama starts and ends at Vishram Ghat.

Read more

Govardhan Hill

Govardhana Hill, also called Mount Govardhana, Giri Raj and Royal Hill, is a sacred Hindu site in the Mathura district of Uttar Pradesh, India on a 8km long hill located in the area of Govardhan and Radha Kund,which is about 20 kilometres (12 mi) from Vrindavan.

Read more

Dwarkadheesh

The Dwarkadhish temple, also known as the Jagat Mandir and occasionally spelled Dwarakadheesh, is a Hindu temple dedicated to the god Krishna, who is worshiped here by the name Dwarkadhish, or 'King of Dwarka'.

Read more

Ghats Mathura

Vishram Ghat is a ghat, a bath and worship place, on the banks of river Yamuna in Mathura, India. It is the main ghat of Mathura and is central to 25 other ghats. The traditional parikrama starts and ends at Vishram Ghat.

Read more

Mathura Peda

Mathura is well-known for its signature sweet, the Peda.

Read More
Mathura is well-known for its signature sweet, the Peda. It is a sweet, which is as delicious as it is simple. Made from Milk, sugar powder, condensed milk and ghee, it is available throughout the year. It is highly popular among the locals and visitors.

Dubki wale Aloo

The Dubki wale Aloo is a thin curry made from Potatoes.

Read More
The Dubki wale Aloo is a thin curry made from Potatoes. Although spicy and tangy in taste due to the addition of many local spices like black pepper, chilli, cardamom, cinnamon and mango powder, vegetables like onion and garlic are completely avoided. The curry is usually paired with pooris.

Ghewar

Ghewar is a sweet dish of Rajasthani origin.

Read More
Ghewar is a sweet dish of Rajasthani origin. It is not available throughout the year and is specially prepared only during the Raksha Bhandan festival, which celebrates the Brother-Sister relationship. It is made from flour and ghee and flavoured with cardamom and nuts like almonds and pistachios and deep fried in oil or ghee. Finally, soaked in sugar syrup and served hot.

Thandai

Thandai is a drink that is served cold.

Read More
Thandai is a drink that is served cold. It requires a large assortment of dry fruits and nuts. Milk is the main ingredient which gets flavoured and sugar is added to give it a sweet taste. The drink is well known for its taste texture and smell and is served on special occasions to guests. It is very popular during the summer season as a soothing drink.

Kachori Jalebi

Kachori and Jalebi is the most common breakfast combination eaten at Mathura.

Read More
Kachori and Jalebi is the most common breakfast combination eaten at Mathura. Both are fried foods. Kachori is a stuffed savoury and may be served with potato curry and Jalebi is a sweet dish prepared in sugar syrup. This pairing is available in a very few places outside Mathura and best enjoyed in one of the numerous Kachori and Jalebi shops of Mathura.