Dharamshala

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Dharamshala is a city in the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh. Surrounded by cedar forests on the edge of the Himalayas, this hillside city is home to the Dalai Lama and the Tibetan government-in-exile.

The Thekchen Chöling Temple Complex is a spiritual center for Tibetan Buddhism, while the Library of Tibetan Works and Archives houses thousands of precious manuscripts.Dharamshala has been selected as one of the hundred Indian cities to be developed as a smart city under PM Narendra Modi's flagship Smart Cities Mission. On 19 January 2017, Chief Minister Virbhadra Singh declared Dharamshala as the second capital of Himachal Pradesh state, making Himachal Pradesh the third state of India with two capitals after Jammu and Kashmir and Maharashtra.Dharamshala is a city in the upper reaches of the Kangra Valley and is surrounded by dense coniferous forest consisting mainly of stately Deodar cedar trees. The suburbs include McLeodGanj, Bhagsunath, Dharamkot, Naddi, ForsythGanj, Kotwali Bazaar (the main market), Kaccheri Adda (government offices such as the court, police, post, etc.), Dari, Ramnagar, Sidhpur, and Sidhbari (where the Karmapa is based).

History


Until the British Raj, Dharamshala and its surrounding area was ruled by the Katoch Dynasty of Kangra, a royal family that ruled the region for two millennia. The royal family still keeps a residence in Dharamsala, known as 'Clouds End Villa'. Under the British Raj, the regions were part of undivided province of Punjab, and was ruled by the governors of Punjab from Lahore. The Katoch dynasty, although highly regarded culturally, had been reduced to status of jargidars (of Kangra-Lambagraon) under the Treaty of Jawalamukhi, signed in 1810 between Sansar Chand Katoch and Maharaja Ranjit Singh of Sikh Empire. The indigenous people of the Dharamshala area (and the surrounding region) are the Gaddis, a predominantly Hindu group who traditionally lived a nomadic or semi-nomadic transhumant lifestyle.[citation needed] Due to the lack of permanent settlements in the area, some Gaddis lost their seasonal pastures and farmland when the British and the Gurkhas arrived to settle

"Dharamsāla lies on a spur of the Dhaola Dhār, 16 miles north-east of Kāngra, in the midst of wild and picturesque scenery. It originally formed a subsidiary cantonment for the troops stationed at Kāngra, and was first occupied as a station in 1849, when a site was required for a cantonment to accommodate a Native regiment which was being raised in the District. A site was found upon the slopes of the Dhaola Dhār, in a plot of waste land, upon which stood an old Hindu resthouse, or dharmsāla, whence the name adopted for the new cantonment. The civil authorities, following the example of the regimental officers, and attracted by the advantages of climate and scenery, built themselves houses in the neighbourhood of the cantonment; and in 1855 the new station was formally recognised as the headquarters of the District.In 1860, the 66th Gurkha Light Infantry was moved from Kangra, Himachal Pradesh to Dharamshala, which was at first made a subsidiary cantonment


state Himachal Pradesh,India
Country India
Area 27.60 km2 (10.66 sq mi)
Languages Hindi,Tibetan,English
Currency Ruppee

Namgyal Monastery

Namgyal Monastery is currently located in Mcleod Ganj, Dharamsala, India. It is the personal monastery of the 14th Dalai Lama. Another name for this temple-complex is Namgyal Tantric College.

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Masrur

Hanumangarhi is a temple of Lord Hanuman in Ayodhya. More than 70 steps lead to the main Hanuman temple which is one of the most popular temples of Lord Hanuman in North India.It is a custom that before visiting lord Ram temple one should first pay visit to shri lord Hanuman temple.

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Kareri Lake Dam

Kareri Lake is a high altitude, shallow, fresh water lake south of the Dhauladhar range approximately 9 km North West of Dharamsala in Kangra district, Himachal Pradesh. Its surface is 2934 metres above the sea level.

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Gyuto Monastery

The Gyuto Monastery is one of the most famous monasteries and specializes in the study of Tantric meditation, Tantric ritual arts and Buddhist philosophy. It was founded in Tibet in 1474 by the main disciple of the first Dalai Lama, Jetsun Kunga Dhondup. After the communist Chinese invasion of Tibet in 1959, the monastery was re-established in India.

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Kangra Museum

This museum, just off the main street, displays some fine miniature paintings from the Kangra school, and Chamba rumal embroideries, along with traditional costumes from the area and photos from the devastating 1905 Kangra earthquake.

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Kangra Fort

The Kangra Fort is located atop a hill at the confluence of Banganga and Patal Ganga river (also known as the Majhi), in the south western outskirts of the old Kangra town. The fort was built by the founder of Katoch Dynasty, Bhuma Chand and is also known by other names, Nagarkot and Kot Kangra.

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Mcleod Ganj

McLeod Ganj is a suburb of Dharamshala in Kangra district of Himachal Pradesh, India. It is known as "Little Lhasa" or "Dhasa" (a short form of Dharamshala used mainly by Tibetans) because of its large population of Tibetans.The Tibetan government-in-exile is headquartered in McLeod Ganj.

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Thupka

The noodles used in the thupka are home made by the owner herself. Made of a mixture of refined flour and eggs, they are soft and fresh.

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The thupka gained popularity due to the extra soft noodles that are used in it. Freshly prepared, steaming hot thupka is a perfect meal at any time of the day in this hilly town

Momos

The two food items it serves – Momos (both steamed as well as fried) and Thupka. For an eatery serving only two items, this old shop draws huge crowds for its fresh momos and flavourful thukpa.

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The Mutton momos are a must try here – they have a filling of minced mutton along with local spices, onion and garlic – all the filling ingredients are grated and sautéed before being stuffed into the momo jackets. The thupka gained popularity due to the extra soft noodles that are used in it. Freshly prepared, steaming hot thupka is a perfect meal at any time of the day in this hilly town.

Bokchoy Soup

this is one of the eateries serving delicious, authentic Tibetan food. Top two recommended dishes include lamb alu phingsha and Chicken Momos (authentic chicken momos, quite different from what is available across Indian streets).

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Lamb alu phingsha is a popular Tibetan dish consisting of vermicelli, lamb and potatoes. The Bok Choy soup is also a popular starter (Bok Choy is a variety of cabbage which is quite popular in north eastern states of India). Tibet Kitchen also serves a variety of dishes from the north-east of India.

Chicken Momos

The other dish that comes highly recommended is the Thenthuk, which is perfect for cool Dharamshala evenings, especially during the winters.

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The best part about Sangye’s Kitchen is perhaps the fact that they offer cooking classes for anyone keen on learning how to cook the dishes they serve.

Bhagsu Cake

For those with a sweet tooth, the Bhagsu Cake is a must-try local delicacy. It is a local cake preparation of Dharamshala , named after the famous Bhagsu Village in Mcleodganj.

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The crust has bread and caramel and the filling inside is pure chocolate.Moonlight Cafe offers a variety of low calorie breakfast options consisting of whole grain foods and cereals. Perfect for the calorie-consious

Shakshuka

A trip to the mountains calls for endless cups of hot tea. Moonlight Café’s tea is so good that there is a high chance of visitors consuming copious amounts of it.

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This is one of the best cafes for breakfast with a menu offering banana pancakes, waffles and even shakshukas. Shakshuka is a gravy with poached eggs in a tomato base, topped with peppers, cumin seeds and fried onions.