Kaziranga

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Kaziranga National Park is World Heritage Place by UNESCO since 1985. Kaziranga National Park is a national park in the Golaghat and Nagaon districts of the state of Assam, India. The sanctuary, which hosts two-thirds of the world's great one-horned rhinoceroses, is a World Heritage Site. According to the census held in March 2018 which was jointly conducted by the Forest Department of the Government of Assam and some recognized wildlife NGOs, the rhino population in Kaziranga National Park is 2,413. It comprises 1,641 adult rhinos (642 males, 793 females, 206 unsexed); 387 sub-adults (116 males, 149 females, 122 unsexed); and 385 cubs.

In 2015, the rhino population stood at 2401. Kaziranga is home to the highest density of tigers among protected areas in the world, and was declared a Tiger Reserve in 2006 (now the highest tiger density is in Orang National Park, Assam) . The park is home to large breeding populations of elephants, wild water buffalo, and swamp deer. Kaziranga is recognized as an Important Bird Area by BirdLife International for conservation of avifaunal species. When compared with other protected areas in India, Kaziranga has achieved notable success in wildlife conservation. Located on the edge of the Eastern Himalaya biodiversity hotspot, the park combines high species diversity and visibility.

Kaziranga is a vast expanse of tall elephant grass, marshland, and dense tropical moist broadleaf forests, criss-crossed by four major rivers, including the Brahmaputra, and the park includes numerous small bodies of water. Kaziranga has been the theme of several books, songs, and documentaries. The park celebrated its centennial in 2005 after its establishment in 1905 as a reserve forest.

Climate


The park experiences three seasons: summer, monsoon, and winter. The winter season, between November and February, is mild and dry, with a mean high of 25 °C (77 °F) and low of 5 °C (41 °F). citation needed During this season, beels and nallahs (water channels) dry up. The summer season between March and May is hot, with temperatures reaching a high of 37 °C (99 °F). During this season, animals usually are found near water bodies. The rainy monsoon season lasts from June to September, and is responsible for most of Kaziranga's annual rainfall of 2,220 mm (87 in). During the peak months of July and August, three-fourths of the western region of the park is submerged, due to the rising water level of the Brahmaputra. It was found that 70% of the National Park was flooded as on 3 August 2016. The flooding causes most animals to migrate to elevated and forested regions outside the southern border of the park, such as the Mikir hills. 540 animals, including 13 rhinos and mostly hog deers perished in unprecedented floods of 2012. However, occasional dry spells create problems as well, such as food shortages and occasional forest fires.

History


The history of Kaziranga as a protected area can be traced back to 1904, when Mary Curzon, Baroness Curzon of Kedleston, the wife of the Viceroy of India, Lord Curzon of Kedleston, visited the area.[citation needed] After failing to see a single rhinoceros, for which the area was renowned, she persuaded her husband to take urgent measures to protect the dwindling species which he did by initiating planning for their protection.[4] On 1 June 1905, the Kaziranga Proposed Reserve Forest was created with an area of 232 km2 (90 sq mi).

Over the next three years, the park area was extended by 152 km2 (59 sq mi), to the banks of the Brahmaputra River. In 1908, Kaziranga was designated a "Reserve Forest". In 1916, it was redesignated the "Kaziranga Game Sanctuary" and remained so till 1938, when hunting was prohibited and visitors were permitted to enter the park.

The Kaziranga Game Sanctuary was renamed the "Kaziranga Wildlife Sanctuary" in 1950 by P. D. Stracey, the forest conservationist, in order to rid the name of hunting connotations. In 1954, the government of Assam passed the Assam (Rhinoceros) Bill, which imposed heavy penalties for rhinoceros poaching. Fourteen years later, in 1968, the state government passed the Assam National Park Act of 1968, declaring Kaziranga a designated national park. The 430 km2 (166 sq mi) park was given official status by the central government on 11 February 1974. In 1985, Kaziranga was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO for its unique natural environment.

Kaziranga has been the target of several natural and man-made calamities in recent decades. Floods caused by the overflow of the river Brahmaputra, leading to significant losses of animal life. Encroachment by people along the periphery has also led to a diminished forest cover and a loss of habitat.[citation needed] An ongoing separatist movement in Assam led by the United Liberation Front of Assam (ULFA) has crippled the economy of the region,[8] but Kaziranga has remained unaffected by the movement; indeed, instances of rebels from the United Liberation Front of Assam protecting the animals and, in extreme cases, killing poachers, have been reported since the 1980


World Heritage Site World Heritage Place by UNESCO since 1985
Nearest city Golaghat, Nagaon, Tezpur and Diphu
state Assam
Country India
Area 430 km2 (170 sq mi)
Languages English and Assamese
Currency Ruppee

Tea Gardens

The Taj Mahal looks like a fairy story from the banks of the Yamuna River.

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It has a well-off history dating back to 1630 AD and is in fact a crypt that has the body of Mumtaz Mahal, the wife of Mughal emperor Shah Jahan. He had it built as an ode to his love for her. It is made out of marble and took 22 years and 20 000 workers to complete.

Unlock your Adventurous Side and Enjoy Jeep Safari

With 3 entry-exit points falling in three different districts of Assam, Kaziranga National Park has 4 zones where one can enjoy the sight of the one-horned rhinos

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along with other exotic animals and mesmerizing landscape in a jeep safari. There are 4 zones where tourists enjoy the ride, namely, Mihimukh in Central Range at Kohora, Bagori in Western Range at Bagori, Agaratoli in Eastern Range at Agaratoli, Ghorakati in Burapahar Range at Ghorakhati.

Relish the Sight of Unique Birds

On one side, Kaziranga shares its boundary with the Brahmaputra River which makes it an active place to sight different species of birds that inhabit the park, and thus, one has the chance to relish birdwatching activity here.

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Eastern range of this park is the most favourable place to sight the birds because of the number of water lagoons in this region. Pelican, Whistling Teal, Greater adjutant stork are some of the unique birds your eyes and camera can catch in Kaziranga National Park.

Orang National Park

Orang National Park or Rajiv Gandhi Orang National Park, which is also known as the mini Kaziranga National Park.

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Orang National Park or Rajiv Gandhi Orang National Park, which is also known as the mini Kaziranga National Park, is located in the Darrang and Sonitpur districts of the state of Assam at a distance of approx 100 km from the Kaziranga National Park. Spread over the area of around 79 sq km, the park is highly enriched in wildlife which consists of one-horned Rhino, tiger, elephant, leopard, deer, sambar and many others. The park is also famous for bird watching due to the presence of a large number of exotic migratory birds and domestic birds.

Spend a Night with the Wild

Whenever people wish to go to a national park for their holidays, they always have that urge to stay at a place that is close to the wildlife reserve for that authentic feeling of being in the forest. It becomes so quiet and calm as the sunsets with just the night birds chirping and grasshoppers stridulating.

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In Kaziranga National Park you can make your stay comfortable in any of the resorts that are located a short distance away from the park. One can find many luxurious hotels and resorts to stay around the national park which are about 30 – 40 minutes driving from the entry gate outside the park.

Escape to the Enchanting Island, Majuli

Majuli is known as the world’s largest river island. It was the first island district in the country. Situated about 154 km from the park, Majuli is one of a kind. It is well known for its temples and cultural visiting spots.

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he places where you can find yourself lost are Garmur, which is a perfect place for devotees. It is located 114 km from the Kaziranga National Park. Garmur is known for being a holy seat, this Vishnavite spot preserves some ancient artifacts and articles along with the rich art forms. Kamalabari Satra is another heritage spot in the Majuli region. It is located 144 km from the national park and this spot is famous for the religious showcase it has. The Satarahouses significant articles that are related to culture, literature, art and some classical studies. Tengapania, which is about 180 km from Kaziranga, is spectacular and a very popular picnic spot. The location of it on the bank of Brahmaputra River adds on to its beauty. Tourists visit the places surrounding Tengapania, such as Machkhoa, Disangmukh, and Dhakuakhana.

Admire the Lovely Architecture in Sibsagar

Sibsagar which also known as Rangpura is a small town 360 km northeast of Guwahati and just about 170 km from the park is a place known for its monuments.

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Talatal Ghar is one of the most popular attractions of Sibasagar. It is located about 176 km from Kaziranga National Park. Inclusive of the underground level it is a 3-story building. People come here to experience the lovely architecture and design of this place. Then, Joysagar Tank and Temples which is located in the Rangapur region and was completed in just 45 days. The huge tank and temple cover a 320 acres area, temples are situated on the banks of the river namely, Jeydol, Shiv temple, Devi Ghar also gets some popularity due to this. Ahom Museum is another well-equipped museum for those who are keenly interested in knowing the history of the royal family here. Located 170 km from the Kaziranga, Ahom Museum is situated on the banks of Sibsagar Lake. It displays artifacts of the royal armory, royal clothes, their manuscripts and other belongings. These things serve very well as a source of information about the royal families.

Kakochang Waterfall

Kakochang Waterfall is not an attraction you can miss out on. If you are here in Kaziranga, then Kakochang is a beautiful place you should visit and give yourself some natural therapy with the calm and clean environment here.

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This waterfall is just 14 km from the National Park and is known for its scenic beauty. It is a very soothing, loveable sight and many times serves as the stoppage for trek lovers. It is one of the top attractions to visit nearby the park and trust me this place will not let you dow

Resolve the Mystery of Jatinga

About 277 km from the Kaziranga is a well-known place named as Jatinga. People come here to experience the well-said myth of birds committing suicide. Although, this is not true, instead, the birds crash into the bamboo trees which are high enough to obstruct their flight.

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During the night the birds are unable to see them and collide with these plants hurting themselves bad enough to kill them. If you want to see this for real, then you should give this place a visit. Who knows the myth may be true.

Experience the Unmatched Beauty of Haflong

Being the only hill station in the state of Assam, Haflong gets a lot of tourists throughout the year. If you are visiting Kaziranga, you can come here to experience the joy of staying in the lone hill station. Haflong is 283 km from Kaziranga National Park. Apart from this, it has an oasis of calm water which adds on to its beauty and is named as the Haflong Lake.

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These are a few things that you can do while you visit the Kaziranga National Park in Assam. When you are out there experiencing all that’s written here, it will indeed feel like an experience of the lifetime. You should visit all the places listed above to make your trip a momentous one and inclusive of a lot of adventurous activities apart from what the park offers.

The Best Place in Kaziranga

One of the best place in Kaziranga to have lunch or dinner. They serve around 25-30 items in a thali with extra servings at no extra cost. A veg thali costs around Rs 160. Authentic ethnic food with awesum taste.

Kaziranga National Park Food

Kaziranga National Park is not so developed in the field of eating out. Therefore, one would not find so many options regarding this.

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